GD真人

劉良院士: 防疫關鍵嚴控人口流動發揮中西醫結合治療優勢

zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshi、aomenkejidaxuexiaochangliuliangjiangzuojiaoshou

xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanshiyou“2019xinxingguanzhuangbingdu(2019-ncov)”ganransuozhidejixingchuanranxingjibing,zhuyaolinchuangbiaoxianweifare、qianke、falideng,gebieganranzhewumingxianlinchuangzhengzhuang。2019nian12yuezaihubeishengwuhanshishoucifaxianyilai,zhi2020nian2yue2riquanguogediyiquezhenbingli17205li(hanaomendiqu8li),leijisiwangbinglida361li。youwugaibingchuanranxingqiang、chuanbosudukuai,geiwoguorenminjiankangheshengmingdailailejidaweixie。duigaibingmuqianshangwuyimiaohetexiaozhiliaoyaowu,zuiyouxiaodefangkongfangfashifangzhifeimochuanran,bingzuodaozaofaxian、zaogeli。yinci,fangkongyiqingmanyanxuyaoquanshehuidegaoduzhongshihemeigegongmindejijipeiheyucanyu。

病原學特點

GD真人2019xinxingguanzhuangbingduzaituolishengwutidetiaojianxiadecunhuoshijianshangbuqingchu,dangaizhongxinbingdushuwuguanzhuangbingdudajiazudechengyuan,yubianfusarsyangguanzhuangbingdu(bat-sl-covzc45)detongyuanxingda85%zuoyou,suoyisarsguanzhuangbingdukeyizaiturang、boli、jinshu、sujiaodengbiaomiancunhuo2-3tiandeziliaokegongcankao。xinxingguanzhuangbingduduiziwaixianheremingan,56°c 30fenzhong、75%yichun、yimi、hanlvxiaoduyedengjunkeshamiebingdu。

流行病學特點

chuanranyuan: xinxingguanzhuangbingduganrandefeiyanhuanzhe(hanwuzhengzhuangchuxiande2019-ncovbingduganranzhe)。

chuanbotujing: jinghuxidaofeimochuanbo,yiketongguojiechuchuanbo,cunzaifen-kouchuanbokenengxing。

GD真人yiganrenqun: pubianyigan,laonianrenhuoyoujichubinghuanzheganranhoubingqingjiaozhong。

防疫關鍵措施

嚴格控制人口流動: 重大傳染病的防控決策和措施是根據傳染病的病原學和流行病學特點而決定,並以公民生命安全為第一要務,一旦決策不當或遲緩,將會造成災難性後果。新型冠狀病毒肺炎可經呼吸道飛沫造成快速人傳人,潛伏期長達3-14天,並且被感染者在無症狀時即具有很強的傳染性,這為防控疫情帶來了極大挑戰。為此,國家在全國31個省(區、市)啟動重大突發公共衛生事件一級回應,採取了一系列重大防控措施,如封鎖疫區、限制人員進出和聚集、限制或停止集市/集會等人群聚集活動、關閉公共場所(如公園、溫泉、影院、網吧等),以及必要的停工、停業、停課等。這些嚴格控制人群流動和聚集、切斷人傳人傳播途徑的關鍵措施,對於成功防控疫情將發揮至關重要的作用。澳門是國際旅遊城市,人口密度大和流動性高,這為防控疫情增加了難度。目前,疫情正處於旺盛傳播期,在澳門重點防控輸入性傳染源至關重要,所以需要採取更加嚴格的限制通關措施,並控制人口流動。

嚴格做好自我防護: 成功防控新型冠狀病毒肺炎的另一關鍵是嚴格做好自我防護。這需要每一個市民都需要承擔起公民責任,切實遵守國家和澳門特區政府的相關抗疫規定和指引,履行公民義務,嚴格做好自我防護,既不被別人感染,也不感染別人。具體來講,需切實做到“七個要”: 一要儘量避免出門和旅行;二要避免聚會和前往人員密集處;三要正確佩戴口罩(目前許多人士佩戴方法不正確);四要特別注意手部衛生,避免門把手、電梯按鈕、廁所水龍頭等容易受到污染的物件對手部造成污染,並經常使用流動水清洗及採用75%乙醇等消毒液消毒手部的各個部位;五要保護好眼睛,避免用手揉擦眼部,因為手部一旦染有病毒則有可能通過眼部粘膜而造成感染;六要做好室內通風,保持空氣流通;七要避免經糞便傳播,居家應注意每日注水至浴室的地下去水渠以防止乾涸,沖廁前應蓋好廁板。此外,符合國家和澳門特區政府指引的需要隔離者,應當主動配合,嚴格遵守指引。

充分發揮中醫藥治療作用

xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanshuzhongyi“wenbing”、“wenyi”fanchou,zhongyiyaozhiliaogaileijibingjuyouxiangshidewenxianjizaiheyouxiaofangyao,2003nianzhongyiyaozhiliaofeidianxingxingfeiyan(jiancheng“feidian”huosars)gengqudelezhijiejingyan。mianduidangqianyiqingyanjun、quefatexiaoyaowudeqingkuang,gengyingdangchongfenfahuizhongyiyaozuoyong。zhongyiyaozhiliaoshitongguoduotujingheduobadianzhenghezuoyongerhuodeliaoxiao,bingfeidanyihuozhijiedishamiebingdu,gengzhongyaodeshitongguobaohujitizuzhiqiguanerjianqingsunhai,yijizengqiangjitikangbingnenglierfahuizhiliaozuoyong。zhongyiyaobianzhenglunzhidejinghuashibawojibingdegongxinghegetidegexing,zheshizhongyirichanglinchuangyiliaogongzuodezhuyaomoshiyufangfa。duiwuxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyandezhiliao,shelidingdianyiyuanhuobingqunaruzhongyibianzhenglunzhishizhongxiyijiehezhiliaodezhongyaocuoshi,danzaiyiqingkuaisumanyanhehuanzhekuaisuzengjiadeqingkuangxia,zheyicuoshinanyishishuyiwanjidehuanzhedounengjieshouzhongyiyaozhiliao,suoyizaizheyiteshuqingkuangxia,yingdangzuzhizhuanjiafenxixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanhuanzhebutongjibingjieduanzhongyizhenghoudegongxingtezhi,zhidingjibingbutongjieduan(huofenqi)detongyizhiliaofangji,jinerjianzhitongyidezhongyao“tangbao”,bingnaru“zhiliaochanggui”,yougegeyiyuanhebingqutongyianpaifuyong,baokuoduizhongzhenghuanzheyoubisiguandaoru。caiquzheyangdecuoshi,cainengshigengduodehuanzhejieshouzhongyiyaozhiliao,zhongxiyijiehezhiliaodeyoushiyecainenggouchongfenfahui。zairichangshenghuohebaojianfangmian,xuyaojunhengyinshi,nianlaotiruozhebingkezhuoqingfuyongyaoxingwenhedebuyizhongyao,shenyongxinwenfasanhekuhanqingrezhipin。

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